The Torah's final three commandments

This week’s parashah, Vayelech, contains the Torah’s 613th and final mitzvah (commandment), to write a Sefer Torah (Torah scroll), just as Moshe Rabbeinu did. Parashat Vayelech also contains the Torah’s 612th mitzvah, to gather the entire Jewish people, men, women, and children once every seven years, to hear the king read from the Torah, in what is known as Hakhel. The 611th mitzvah that we read about in Parashat Ki Tavo, is to walk in God’s ways.

The ordinal numbers of the three final mitzvot stand out in their significance. 613 is the gematria of “Moshe Rabbeinu” (משה רבינו), 612 is the gematria of “covenant” (ברית), and 611 is the gematria of “Torah” (תורה), Obviously, these three concepts, Moshe Rabbeinu, covenant, and Torah are some of the most central in Judaism and therefore warrant focusing on how each concept relates to its corresponding mitzvah (commandment).

From the individual to the entire nation

The 611th mitzvah demands that we refine our character traits as individuals by walking in God’s ways. As the sages explain, “Just as the Almighty is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate.” This is the most significant principle in serving God, one that a Jew should constantly be aware of every day of his or her life. It is truly fitting that 611 is equal to the word “Torah” (תורה) reflecting this commandment’s all-inclusive nature.

Whereas the 611th mitzvah addresses us as individuals, the 612th, Hakhel obligates us as a people. Once every seven years, the entire Jewish people gather in the Temple courtyard in the most comprehensive assembly, “men, women and children and the convert in your gates,” and the king reads from the Torah before them. In effect, this mass congregation acts as a renewal of the covenant formed between the entire nation and God through the giving of the Torah at Mt. Sinai, reflected by the fact that 612 is the gematria of the word “covenant” (ברית).

The progression from the 611th mitzvah to the 612th, from addressing individual refinement to renewing our covenant with God as a community, as a people, is a necessary one. It teaches us that in order to stand together, we must first adopt God’s compassionate character when dealing with one another. If as individuals we still suffer from a self-centered attitude, we will not be able to stand together in unity during Hakhel. The foundation of the congregation of Israel is mutual responsibility, genuine care and interest in our fellow Jews, which serves as the glue bonding us in our covenant with one another, with our king, and finally with the Almighty.

Every Jew is like Moshe Rabbeinu

The verse in which the 613th mitzvah appears actually describes how Moshe Rabbeinu wrote a Torah scroll before passing on. From it, the sages learn that every Jewish individual is obligated to write his own Torah scroll, revealing that every Jew is like Moshe Rabbeinu. The sages go so far as to say that anyone who writes a Torah scroll, “it is as if he received it atMt.Sinai.”

Since the first Torah scroll was written entirely by Moshe Rabbeinu it is most appropriate that the commandment to write a Torah scroll should be the 613th commandment—the seal of all the Torah’s 613 commandments—and that 613 is the gematria of Moshe Rabbeinu (משה רבינו). By performing this mitzvah individually, we reveal the Moshe Rabbeinu in each of us.

In summary, the individual mitzvah of walking in God’s ways is an introduction to the mitzvah of Hakhel, assembling “as one man with one heart” in a reenaction of receiving the Torah at Mt. Sinai. Similarly, the mitzvah of writing a Torah scroll is like each one of us receiving the entire Torah at Mt. Sinai, like Moshe Rabbeinu.

based on Harav Ginsburgh’s class of 18thTevet 5769

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1 comment

Christina Venter September 26, 2012 at 10:30 am

This teaching gave much insight. Thank you Rabbi Ginsburgh. It brings joy to my heart.


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