Glossary of Kabbalah and Chassidut: Letter "P"

And Other Hebrew Words on the Website


Parashah ("section"; pl. parshiot):
1. A parashah is a paragraph in the written Torah according to the Masoretic text. These parshiot are either "open" (followed by a blank space which extends to the end of the line) or "closed" (followed by a blank space equal to the width of nine letters).
2. A parashah is also a sidrah ("order"): one of the fifty-four sections into which the Five Books of Moses are divided for the purpose of reading one of them in the synagogue each Shabbat. Thus, the entire Torah is read in full in the course of a year (it is sometimes necessary to read two on the same Sabbath). The parshiot are known by one or two of their opening words.
Pardes ("Orchard"):
Pardes is an acronym for the four levels of interpreting a Torah text: "peshat," the simple meaning of the text; "remez," the hints and allusions within the text; "derush," the derivative implications of the text arrived at by way of hermeneutic rules; and sod, the symbolic and esoteric meaning of the text.
Parsah is a measure of distance equivalent to approximately 4.348 kilometers.
Partzuf ("personae" or "profile"; pl. partzufim):
partzuf is the third and final stage in the development of a sefirah, in which it metamorphoses from a tenfold articulation of sub-sefirot into a human-like figure possessing the full set of intellectual and emotional powers. As such, it may thus interact with the other partzufim (which could not occur before this transformation). This stage of development constitutes the transition from Tohu to Tikun or from Nekudim to Berudim, (also see: Olam Ha'Atzilut, "The World of Emanation").
Pei is the 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
For further explanation see Alef-Beit Significances.
Also see: The Mystical Significance of the Hebrew Letters (including an image and audio pronunciation of each letter).
Perek Shirah ("The Chapter of Song"):
Perek Shirah is a Midrash composed of the various verses sung by each element in Creation.
Periah ("peel back"):
Periah is the second phase of the rite of circumcision, in which the membrane is peeled back after the foreskin has been cut off. See metzitzah,milah.
Pesach ("Passover"):
Pesach is the seven-day festival (eight days in the Diaspora) commemorating the liberation of the Jewish People from Egyptian slavery.
Pesach Sheini ("Second Passover"):
The festival of the Second Passover (Pesach Sheini) on the fourteenth day of the month. Normally, the Torah tells us to celebrate Passover on the fourteenth day of Nisan, the month before Iyar. But a person ritually impure or too far away from the Temple on the fourteenth of Nisan–and therefore unable to celebrate Passover by bringing a sacrifice to the Temple on that 
Pirkei Avot ("Chapters of the Fathers"):
Pirkei Avot is the popular name for the Mishnaic collection referred to as Avot (?Fathers?), containing statements of ethical wisdom conveyed by various Talmudic Sages.
Pleasure (Ta'anug):
"Pleasure" is the spiritual state associated in particular with the second head of the keter.
For further explanation see: The Powers of the Soul–Ta'anug.
Priestly Blessing:
The three verses blessing Israel (Numbers 6:24-26) recited daily by the Priests in the Temple as part of the morning liturgy.
See Birkat Kohanim.
Primordial Man:
See Adam Kadmon.

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